SPRINGFIELD, Mass. — Merriam-Webster Inc. has added dozens of entries to the latest edition of its Collegiate Dictionary. Here are some, along with the year in which Merriam-Webster researchers first found them used in an English-language publication, and their meanings:
_ Americana (1841): genre of American music with roots in early folk and country music.
_ boomerang child (1988): young adult who returns to live at her family home, especially for financial reasons.
_ bromance (2004): a close nonsexual friendship between men.
_ continuous positive airway pressure (1975): abbreviated CPAP; a technique for relieving breathing problems (as those associated with sleep apnea or congestive heart failure) by pumping a steady flow of air through the nose to prevent the narrowing or collapse of air passages or to help the lungs to expand.
_ cougar (1774): slang term for a middle-aged woman seeking a romantic relationship with a younger man.
_ crowdsourcing (2006): the practice of obtaining needed services, ideas or content by soliciting contributions from a large group of people, especially from the online community, rather than from traditional employees or suppliers.
_ duathlon (1988): a three-part long-distance race typically having a running phase, a bicycling phase and a final running phase.
_ fist bump (1996): a gesture in which two people bump their fists together, as in greeting or celebration.
_ helicopter parent (1989): a parent who is overly involved in the life of his or her child.
_ m-commerce (1997): business transactions conducted by using a mobile electronic device, such as a cellphone.
_ parkour (2002): the sport of traversing environmental obstacles by running, climbing or leaping rapidly and efficiently.
_ robocall (1993): a telephone call from an automated source that delivers a pre-recorded message to a large number of people.
_ social media (2004): forms of electronic communication, such as websites for social networking and microblogging, through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal message and other content such as videos.
_ tweet (1768): a post made on the Twitter online message service.
_ walk-off (1990): ending a baseball game immediately by causing the winning run to score for the home team in the bottom of the last inning, i.e., a walk-off homer. Also, won by the home team in the bottom of the last inning, i.e., a walk-off win.
New words in the Merriam-Webster dictionary - Road Runner
"I'm always amazed to hear of victims so badly mutilated that they have to be identified by their dental records. What I can't understand is, if they don't know who you are, how do they know who your dentist is?" - Paul Merton
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