SPRINGFIELD, Mass. — Merriam-Webster Inc. has added dozens of entries to the latest edition of its Collegiate Dictionary. Here are some, along with the year in which Merriam-Webster researchers first found them used in an English-language publication, and their meanings:
_ Americana (1841): genre of American music with roots in early folk and country music.
_ boomerang child (1988): young adult who returns to live at her family home, especially for financial reasons.
_ bromance (2004): a close nonsexual friendship between men.
_ continuous positive airway pressure (1975): abbreviated CPAP; a technique for relieving breathing problems (as those associated with sleep
apnea or congestive heart failure) by pumping a steady flow of air through the nose to prevent the narrowing or collapse of air passages or to help the lungs to expand.
_ cougar (1774): slang term for a middle-aged woman seeking a romantic relationship with a younger man.
_ crowdsourcing (2006): the practice of obtaining needed services, ideas or content by soliciting contributions from a large group of people, especially from the online community, rather than from traditional employees or suppliers.
_ duathlon (1988): a three-part long-distance race typically having a running phase, a bicycling phase and a final running phase.
_ fist bump (1996): a gesture in which two people bump their fists together, as in greeting or celebration.
_ helicopter parent (1989): a parent who is overly involved in the life of his or her child.
_ m-commerce (1997): business transactions conducted by using a mobile electronic device, such as a cellphone
_ parkour (2002): the sport of traversing environmental obstacles by running, climbing or leaping rapidly and efficiently.
_ robocall (1993): a telephone call from an automated source that delivers a pre-recorded message to a large number of people.
_ social media (2004): forms of electronic communication, such as websites for social networking and microblogging, through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal message and other content such as videos.
(1768): a post made on the Twitter
online message service.
_ walk-off (1990): ending a baseball game immediately by causing the winning run to score for the home team in the bottom of the last inning, i.e., a walk-off homer. Also, won by the home team in the bottom of the last inning, i.e., a walk-off win. New words in the Merriam-Webster dictionary - Road Runner